1991 - University of Cambridge - Certificate in Linguistics
1989 - University of Strathclyde - M.Litt in Linguistics
1985 - University of Sheffield - Ph.D in English
1982 - University of Sheffield - M.A in History & English Literature
1978 - University of Peshawar - M.A in Political Science (1st class; 1st-Gold Medalist)
1969 - University of Peshawar - B.A (1st Division)
2002 Feb-Mar Visiting Professor at the Center of International Studies, University of Castellon, Spain.
2000- Professor of Linguistics and South Asian Studies, NIPS, QAU
2000 Sept-Oct American Institute of Pakistan Studies Lecturer at UT Austin, University of Pennsylvania, Michigan at Ann Arbor and MIT.
1999 Sept-Oct Guest Professor at the University of Aarhus, Denmark.
1990 - 2000 Associate Professor of Pakistani linguistics, NIPS, QAU.
1996-1999 Research Adviser, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad
1992 Professor of Linguistics, University of Sana'a (Yemen).
1987-1990 Professor of English and Linguistics and Chairman of the Department, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad.
1985-1987 Associate Professor of English literature, University of Peshawar.
Domaines d'intérêt, recherches et publications majeures
Books and monographs
1990. Pakistani English: The Linguistic Description of a Non-Native Variety of English Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University.
1996. Language and Politics in Pakistan Karachi: Oxford University Press. Paperback reprint, 1998 and 2000.
1999. Language, Education and Culture Karachi: Oxford University Press. Paperback reprint, 2000.
2002. Language, Ideology and Power: Language-Learning Among the Muslims of Pakistan and North India Karachi, Oxford University Press.
Chapters of books
1991. 'Ephebophilia and the Creation of a Spiritual Myth in the Works of Ralph Nicholas Chubb', Male Intergenerational Intimacy: Historical Socio-Psychological and Legal Perspectives .eds. Theo Sandfort et. al (New York and London: The Haworth Press), pp.103-127.
The following entries in Encyclopedia of Post-Colonial Literatures in English Vols 1 and 2:
Hanif Kureishi, Vol 1, pp. 788-789.
Life Writing, Vol 1, pp. 875-877.
Short Fiction, Vol 2, pp.1474-1476.
2000.'Pakistani Universities:Past, Present and Future'. Chapter 11 in Inayatullah, Sohail and Gidley, Jennifer (eds), The University in Transformation: Global Perspectives on the Futures of the University (Westport, Connecticut. London: Bergin & Garvey, 2000), pp 125-136.
2000. 'Langues et enseignement'. Chapter 12 in Jaffrelot, Christophe (ed), Le Pakistan (Paris: Librarie Artheme Fayard, 2000), pp. 423-4[Trans. from English by the editor].
Edward Carpenter and D. H. Lawrence', American Notes & Queries [University of Kentucky] (Sept-Oct, 1985), pp.18- 20.
E. M. Forster and Ghalib', American Notes & Queries (Jan- Feb, 1985), pp.80-81.
Edward Carpenter's From Adam's Peak to Elephanta as a Source of E. M. Forster's A Passage to India', Forum for Modern Language Studies [University of St. Andrews] 22: 1 (Jan, 1986), pp.10-15.
Edward Carpenter and E. M. Forster', Durham University Journal [England] (Dec, 1986), pp.59-69.
The Use of the Millenarian Myth in E. M. Forster's Howards End', Studies in English Literature [Tokyo] (Mar, 1987), pp.33-60.
E. M. Forster's Breakaway From the Ephebophilic Literary Tradition', Etudes Anglaises [Paris] 3 (July-Sep, 1987), pp.267-278.
The Literary Treatment of Indian Themes in the Works of Edward Carpenter', Durham University Journal 53: 1 (Dec, 1987), pp.77-81.
Zulfikar Ghose and the Land of His Birth', Review of Contemporary Fiction [University of New Mexico] 9: 2(Summer, 1989), pp.179-187.
Boy love in the Urdu Ghazal' Paidika (Amsterdam) 2: 1 (Summer 1989) pp. 10-27. [Reprinted in Annual of Urdu Studies, Chicago University, (1990) pp. 1-20].
A Study of E. M. Forster's Maurice', Durham University Journal 51: 1 (Jan, 1990), pp.81-87.
Linguistic Deviation as a Stylistic Device in Pakistani English Fiction', Journal of Commonwealth Literature (UK), 25: 1 (1990) pp. 1-11.
The Phonetic and Phonological Features of Pakistani English', World Englishes (Oxford), 10: 1 (Spring, 1991), pp. 83-95.
The Siraiki Language Movement in Pakistan, Language Planning and Language Problems 19: 1 (February 1995) [New York & Berlin]
The Pashto Language Movement in Pakistan', Contemporary South Asia [UK] 4:2 (July 1995),151-170.
Language and Politics in a Pakistan Province: The Sindhi Language Movement' Asian Survey [University of California, Berkeley] 35: 11 (November 1995), 1005-1016.
British Language Policies and Imperialism in India', Language Problems and Language Planning 20: 2 (Summer 1996), 91-115.
The Balochi/Brahvi Language Movements in Pakistan' Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 19: 3 (Spring 1996), 71-88.
Language of the Proto-Historic Indus Valley', The Mankind Quarterly 36: Nos. 3 & 4 (Spring/Summer 1996), 221-246.
The Punjabi Language Movement in Pakistan', The International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 122 (1996).
The Urdu-English Controversy in Pakistan', Modern Asian Studies [Cambridge] 31: 1 (1977), 177-207
The Medium of Instruction Controversy in Pakistan' [Canada and U.K] Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development Vol. 18:2, 1997, 145-154.
Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan', Asian Survey Vol. XXXVII, No. 9 (September 1997), 833-839.
Linguistics in Pakistan : A Country Report', in The Yearbook of South Asian Languages & Linguistics (ed) Rajindra Singh (Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998), 184-196. 1-33.
Transforming the Colonial Legacy: the Future of the Pakistani University', Futures, [U.K] Vol.30:No. 7 (1998), 669-680
The Politics of Urdu in India', Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies XXII: 2 (Winter 1999), 38-60.
The Decline of Persian in British India', South Asia [Australia] Vol. XXII, No. 1 (1999) 63-77.
The Teaching of Urdu in British India', The Annual of Urdu Studies, Number 15 part 1, (2000), 31-56.
The Language of Employment: The Case of Pakistan', Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Vol. XXIII, No. 4 (Summer 2000) pp. 62-87.
The Learning of Balochi and Brahvi in Pakistan; Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Vol. 24: No. 4 (Summer 2001), 45-59.
The Project of Respectability: Changes in Language Textbooks in British India', South Asia [Australia] Vol. 24, No. 2 (2001), 29-51 December 2001
Language Learning and Power: A Theoretical Approach', International Journal of the Sociology of Language 152 (2001), 1-22.
The Learning of Pashto in North India and Pakistan: An Historical Account' Journal of Asian History 35 /2 (2001), 158-187
English-Teaching Institutions in Pakistan', Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 22: 3 (2001), 242-261.
The Learning of Punjabi by Punjabi Muslims: A Historical Account', International Journal of Punjab Studies Vol. 8: No. 2 (July December 2001), 187-224.
The Politics of the Teaching of Urdu in Pakistan' , Annual of Urdu Studies Vol. 17 (2002).
Langues parlées et écrites
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